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Persian & Exotic Shorthair Colors



White Persians and Exotic Shorthairs are iconic. In every print ad and commercial, they showcase copper eyes, rarely blue eyes, and occasionally odd-eyed (blue and copper eye color), making them one of my favorites. Interestingly, the white color “covers” another underlying color. Kittens produced from a white parent are 50% white and 50% of any other color.


Depending on the association, a tortoiseshell is a black cat with patches of red or intermingled areas of red. All agree that black should predominate. In adults, the red can appear in clearly defined areas or generally intermingled with the black. Some associations emphasize a red or cream blaze on the face.

Tabby Bi Colors

The Tabby bicolor cat should have white on the feet, legs, undersides, chest, and muzzle, at a minimum. White spotting is never predictable, so the amount of white can vary greatly. Sometimes, the white chest will extend back over the shoulders. The ground color should be a coppery brown marked with black lines for brown tabby coloring or pale, clear silver; the markings remain black in silver tabbies. Patched tabby Persians have red-colored patches on top of mackerel or classic coats. Class one is known by a Bull’s eye mark present on one side of their body, while mackerel patterns appear circular.

Lynx Pointed

Tabby pointed cats. Once again, the body color should correspond to the basic color in the points. The points themselves should have clearly defined markings, including the tabby “M” on the forehead and barring on the legs and tail. The overriding influence of the tabby pattern makes it particularly difficult to produce clear body color. They can come in all tabby colors.

Tortie and Blue Cream Points

Tortie Point, Blue-Cream Point, Chocolate-Tortie Point, and Lilac-Cream Point: The body color of these cats should correspond to the most prominent color of the parti-color points, with only subtle shading allowed. The points must show unbrindled patches of both colors.

Brown Patched Tabbies

Like Calico’s these cats are often female, because the gene for orange shading is linked to the X chromosome, and female cats have two X chromosomes. Brown Patched Tabbies are a type of tabby cat with a coppery brown background color and black tabby pattern with patches of red. They are also known as brown torbies.

Tortoiseshell Smoke and Blue-Cream Smoke

Identifying a true Smoke can sometimes be difficult because the white undercoat can almost disappear when the cat is out of coat. Only with a full undercoat will it be dramatic; at other times, the coat only appears to get lighter toward the skin.

Red Bi Colors

The red bicolor cat should have, at a minimum, white on the feet, legs, undersides, chest, and muzzle. White spotting is never predictable, so the amount of white can vary greatly. Sometimes the white chest will extend back over the shoulders. Red color can range from vibrant mahogany to various shades of orange down to a pale ginger.

Black Smoke

The smoke colors show the fullest expression of tipping. The coat appears, at first glance, to be that of a normal, fully colored cat. When parted, the color extends as much as halfway down the hair shaft, giving way at that point to pure white. This white undercoat is clearly apparent when the cat is in motion and shows in the longer frill around the neck.

Dilute Calico

One in 20,000 born are genetically male, but they are usually sterile and have female anatomy as well. They exhibit white on the feet, legs, undersides, chest, and muzzle. This tri-colored cat is gray, cream, and white.

Blue Cream

Blue-cream: This is the genetically dilute version of the black and red tortoiseshell. As with the solid versions, each color should be pale and even. Because the tabby pattern shows less on the cream than the red, there is little variation in this part of the color. Blue should predominate. Also you may wonder about baby Persian’s and their wandering eyes. When they are young their eye ligaments are not strong enough to keep the eyes tracking correctly. This will correct with maturity. Eye color develops later as well.

Brown Tabby

Brown Tabby: The ground color should be a coppery brown marked with black lines. Because of the high contrast between the two colors, the pattern is usually clear. These cats are affectionately nicknamed “brownies.”


Calico: Probably the most popular of all cat colors, this is the combination of the tortoiseshell and white. In some associations, a distinction is still made between a tortoiseshell with white (just a white chest or feet) and a calico, which at least has white on the feet, legs, undersides, chest, and muzzle. This tri-colored cat is black, red, and white.


Red color can range from a vibrant mahogany to various shades of Red, all the way down to a pale ginger. For some reason, this color almost always fails to conceal the tabby lines hidden in each cat’s genetic makeup. The longer coat also tends to blur any marks. These cats are usually not faulted for tabby marks on the face and legs, although an evenly colored cat is the ideal. When these cats are kittens, it’s often difficult to determine whether the kitten will be a Solid or a Tabby. Eye color copper to Gold.

Blue and Silver Patched Tabbies

Silver Patched Tabby and Blue Silver Patched Tabby: These are identical to the other patched tabbies with the exception of the silvered ground color and white undercoat. Patching is a blob of cream interspersed at random in the coat. Genetically, this makes them carry cream as well, important in producing calicos or red-factored kittens. Patched tabbies are all females except in rare instances where a genetic anomaly occurs.

Silver Tabby

Silver Tabby: Here the influence of another gene system changes the ground color of the brown tabby to a pale, clear silver. The markings remain black. Normally a dramatic combination, in the longhaired cat, it’s usually softened and seldom clearly defined. Any brown or cream tinge is considered a fault. All Persians carrying the silver gene may have green or hazel eye color, as well as copper.

Blue Point

Blue Point: Blue points should be in high contrast to the bluish-white body, which shades to white on the stomach. This color is very late to mature. The body is creamy white. The eye color should be deep Tiffany blue but can also be pale blue, which is less desirable.

Cream Points and Flame Points

Cream Point: The dilute of red, the points of this cat should be buff cream on a creamy white body. Flame Points are red points on a creamy white body. Mature point color should be deep orange to deep red. Often, cats are several years old before the color is fully in. Eyes should be crystal blue.

Black Bicolor

The bicolored cat should have, at a minimum, white on the feet, legs, undersides, chest, and muzzle. White spotting is never predictable, so the amount of white can vary greatly. Sometimes the white chest will extend back over the shoulders in a full collar.

Red and Cream Kittens

Cream Tabby

Cream Tabby: Markings are buff on a pale cream. This is a beautiful, delicate color that’s almost impossible to accomplish well in a longhaired cat.


The ideal black—with a dense, coal-black coat, sound (the same color with no variation) from the roots to the tip of the hair—is almost impossible to achieve. The standard calls for the coat to be free from any tinge of rust at the tips and without a smoke undercoat. But in actual practice, no black cat with any coat length can be without variation from root to tip. Sunlight damages the perfect black. Kittens are particularly prone to a smoky look.

Seal Point

Seal Point: Deep seal-brown points should provide clear contrast with the pale fawn body color. The stomach and chest may be even lighter in color than the back. Since this pattern is recessive to full color, when the Himalayan is bred to Persians of other colors, their kittens carry the potential to produce pointed cats when paired with another carrier. Cats such as these are called CPCs (color point carriers).

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